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The Edinburgh Pals, approximately 2,500 men, were officially the 15th and 16th Service Battalions of the Royal Scots Regiments.

Around 550 men from Manchester enlisted into the 15th Battalion and were known colloquially as “The Manchester Scottish”. Both Pals Battalions attacked on 1st July 1916 and they sustained heavy casualties. The 15th Battalion had 226 men killed whilst the 16th Battalion lost 221.  Barely 100 men from the combined total of 2,000 men answered the roll call later that day.