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Twenty-five years after the end of the U.S. Civil War, the federal government issued an additional schedule, or form, as part of the regular 1890 U.S. Census to be completed by all members of the Union armed forces who had served in the war. These new schedules requested all of the information necessary to summarize a veteran’s service, including their unit information, length of service, and any lasting disability suffered from the war. If the veteran did not survive to complete the form, their widow was instructed to provide as much information as possible.

The 1890 US Census Civil War Union Veterans and Widows contain over 887,000 records. The amount of information listed may vary, but the records can include the first and last name of a soldier, their rank, company and regiment, their length of service, any disability incurred, their NARA publication number and the first and last name of their surviving widow.