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The 11th, 12th and 13th South Downs Battalions, numbering approximately 4,500 men, were known colloquially as  “Lowther’s Lambs”, a reference to local MP Claude Lowther who had taken personal responsibility for raising the battalions. The 12th and 13th Battalions were sacrificed in a diversionary raid on 30th June 1916 in an attempt to draw German attention away from the main Somme battle area further south. Over 300 men, including six sets of brothers, were killed that day and over 1,000 wounded. June 30th 1916 was subsequently known as “the day Sussex died”.